Aruba Cities

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Aruba Cities by Population

4 cities shown of 4 total Aruba cities that are over 1,000 in population...

1. Babijn 40,627
2. Oranjestad 29,998
3. Angochi 29,442
4. Arasji 14,649

Aruba History

Aruba's first inhabitants are thought to have been Caquetios Amerinds from the Arawak tribe, who migrated there from Venezuela to escape attacks by the Caribs. Fragments of the earliest known Indian settlements date back from 1,000 AD. Sea currents made canoe travel to other Caribbean islands difficult, thus Caquetio culture remained closer to that of mainland South America.

Europeans first learned of Aruba when Amerigo Vespucci and Alonso de Ojeda discovered it in August 1499. Vespucci, in one of his four letters to Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici, described his voyage to the islands along the coast of Venezuela. He wrote about an island where most trees are of brazil wood and, from this island, he went to one ten leagues away, where they had houses built as in Venice. In another letter he described a small island inhabited by very large people, which the expedition thought was not inhabited.

Aruba was colonized by Spain for over a century. The Cacique or Indian Chief in Aruba, Simas, welcomed the first priests in Aruba and received from them a wooden cross as a gift. In 1508, Alonso de Ojeda was appointed as Spain's first Governor of Aruba, as part of Nueva Andalucia.""","Another governor appointed by Spain was Juan Martinez de Ampues. A cdula real"" decreed in November 1525 gave Ampus, factor of Espaola, the right to repopulate the depopulated islands of Aruba, Curaao and Bonaire. The natives under Spanish rule enjoyed more liberty than the average northern European farmer of the period."

In 1528, Ampues was replaced by a representative of the House of Welser"". Aruba has been under Dutch administration since 1636, initially under Peter Stuyvesant. Stuyvesant was on a special mission in Aruba in November and December 1642. Under the Dutch W.I.C. administration, as ""New Netherland and Curaao"" from 1648 to 1664 and the Dutch government regulations of 1629, also applied in Aruba. The Dutch administration appointed an Irishman as ""Commandeur"" in Aruba in 1667."

The United Kingdom occupied Aruba from the years 1799 to 1802 and from 1805 to 1816.

In August 1806, General Francisco de Miranda and a group of 200 freedom fighters on their voyage to liberate Venezuela from Spain stayed in Aruba for several weeks.

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