Cambodia Cities

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Cambodia Cities by Population

22 cities shown of 22 total Cambodia cities that are over 1,000 in population...

1. Phnom Penh 1,573,544
2. Sihanoukville 156,691
3. Batdambang 150,444
4. Siemreab 139,458
5. Paoy Pet 79,000
6. Kampong Chhnang 75,244
7. Kampong Cham 61,750
8. Pursat 52,476
9. Ta Khmau 52,066
10. Phumi Veal Sre 44,270
11. Kampong Spoe 33,231
12. Krong Kaoh Kong 33,134
13. Stoeng Treng 25,000
14. Phnum Tbeng Meanchey 24,380
15. Sisophon 23,218
16. Kampot 22,691
17. Kratie 19,975
18. Kampong Thum 19,951
19. Lumphat 19,205
20. Pailin 17,850
21. Krong Keb 11,658
22. Senmonourom 7,944

Cambodia History

Cambodia's main industries are garments, tourism, and construction. In 2007, foreign visitors to Angkor Wat numbered more than 4 million. In 2005, oil and natural gas deposits were found beneath Cambodia's territorial water, and once commercial extraction begins in 2011, the oil revenues could profoundly affect Cambodia's economy.

The first advanced civilizations in present-day Cambodia appeared in the 1st millennium AD. During the 3rd, 4th, and 5th centuries, the Indianised states of Funan and Chenla coalesced in what is now present-day Cambodia and southwestern Vietnam. These states, which are assumed by most scholars to have been Khmer, had close relations with China and Thailand. Their collapse was followed by the rise of the Khmer Empire, a civilization which flourished in the area from the 9th century to the 13th century. The Khmer Empire declined yet remained powerful in the region until the 15th century. The empire's center of power was Angkor, where a series of capitals was constructed during the empire's zenith. Angkor Wat, the most famous and best-preserved religious temple at the site, is a reminder of Cambodia's past as a major regional power.

After a long series of wars with neighbouring kingdoms, Angkor was sacked by the Thai and abandoned in 1432. The court moved the capital to Lovek where the kingdom sought to regain its glory through maritime trade. The attempt was short-lived, however, as continued wars with the Thai and Vietnamese resulted in the loss of more territory and the conquering of Lovek in 1594. During the next three centuries, The Khmer kingdom alternated as a vassal state of the Thai and Vietnamese kings, with short-lived periods of relative independence between.

In 1863 King Norodom, who had been installed by Thailand, sought the protection of France from the Thai and Vietnamese, after tensions grew between them. In 1867, the Thai king signed a treaty with France, renouncing suzerainty over Cambodia in exchange for the control of Battambang and Siem Reap provinces which officially became part of Thailand. The provinces were ceded back to Cambodia by a border treaty between France and Thailand in 1906.

Cambodia continued as a protectorate of France from 1863 to 1953, administered as part of the colony of French Indochina, though occupied by the Japanese empire from 1941 to 1945. Cambodia gained independence from France on November 9, 1953. It became a constitutional monarchy under King Norodom Sihanouk.

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