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Canada Country Information

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Canada
Canada Flag
Population: 33,679,000
Area: 9,984,670
Continent: NA
Capitol: Ottawa
Currency: Dollar (CAD)
Primary Languages Spoken: en-CA,fr-CA,iu
Domain Name TLD: .ca
Phone Prefix: 1
Country Code (FIPS): CA
Neighboring Countries: US(United States )

Canada Map
Canada Map



Summary:
A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across an unfortified border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care and education services, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec. Canada also aims to develop its diverse energy resources while maintaining its commitment to the environment.

Location:
Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US

Geographical Coordinates:
60 00 N, 95 00 W

Climate:
varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north

Terrain:
mostly plains with mountains in west and lowlands in southeast

Natural Resources:
iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower

Area Comparisons:
slightly larger than the US

Coastline:
202,080 km

Growth Rate:
0.50%

Map Reference:
North America

Canada

Canada Facts

Canada is a country occupying most of northern North America, extending from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. It is the world's second largest country by total area, and shares land borders with the United States to the south and northwest.

The land occupied by Canada was inhabited for millennia by various groups of aboriginal people. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French expeditions explored, and later settled along, the Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763 after the Seven Years' War. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of additional provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom, highlighted by the Statute of Westminster in 1931, and culminating in the Canada Act in 1982 which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.

A federation comprising ten provinces and three territories, Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. It is a bilingual and multicultural country, with both English and French as official languages at the federal level. Technologically advanced and industrialized, Canada maintains a diversified economy that is heavily reliant upon its abundant natural resources and upon tradeparticularly with the United States, with which Canada has had a long and complex relationship. It is a member of the G8, NATO, Commonwealth of Nations, and La Francophonie.




List of States / Privinces / Districts in Canada


1. Alberta
2. British Columbia
3. Manitoba
4. New Brunswick
5. Northwest Territories
6. Nova Scotia
7. Nunavut
8. Ontario
9. Prince Edward Island
10. Quebec
11. Saskatchewan
12. Yukon
13. Newfoundland and Labrador



Canada's Largest Cities

(Canada's Most Populated Cities)


Top 100 Canada cities shown of 715 total Canada cities that are over 1,000 in population...

1. Toronto 4,612,191
2. Montreal 3,268,513
3. Vancouver 1,837,969
4. Calgary 1,019,942
5. Ottawa 812,129
6. Edmonton 712,391
7. Mississauga 668,549
8. North York 636,000
9. Winnipeg 632,063
10. Quebec 528,595
11. Hamilton 504,559
12. Brampton 433,806
13. Kitchener 409,112
14. Surrey 394,976
15. Laval 376,845
16. Halifax 359,111
17. London 346,765
18. Victoria 289,625
19. Windsor 278,013
20. Oshawa 247,989
21. Gatineau 242,124
22. Vaughan 238,866
23. Longueuil 229,330
24. Burnaby 202,799
25. Ladner 200,000
26. Saskatoon 198,958
27. Barrie 182,041
28. Richmond 182,000
29. Regina 176,183
30. Burlington 164,415
31. Greater Sudbury 157,857
32. Abbotsford 151,683
33. Saguenay 143,692
34. St. Catharines 131,989
35. Sherbrooke 129,447
36. Levis 126,396
37. Kelowna 125,109
38. Cambridge 120,372
39. Trois-Rivieres 119,693
40. Guelph 115,760
41. Coquitlam 114,565
42. Kingston 114,195
43. Chatham-Kent 108,589
44. Sydney 105,968
45. Delta 101,668
46. Dartmouth 101,343
47. Thunder Bay 99,334
48. St. John's 99,182
49. Waterloo 97,475
50. Terrebonne 94,703
51. Langley 93,726
52. Saint John 87,857
53. Pickering 87,838
54. Brantford 87,759
55. Moncton 87,467
56. Nanaimo 84,905
57. Sarnia 82,998
58. Niagara Falls 82,000
59. Saint-Laurent 77,391
60. Repentigny 76,237
61. Peterborough 75,877
62. Sault Ste. Marie 74,948
63. Kawartha Lakes 74,561
64. Red Deer 73,593
65. Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu 71,613
66. Lethbridge 70,617
67. Maple Ridge 70,000
68. Brossard 69,575
69. Chilliwack 69,217
70. Kamloops 68,714
71. White Rock 66,450
72. Prince George 65,558
73. Medicine Hat 63,138
74. Norfolk County 60,847
75. Drummondville 59,489
76. New Westminster 58,549
77. St. Albert 57,719
78. Sherwood Park 55,063
79. Saint-Jerome 54,948
80. Jonquiere 54,842
81. Granby 53,979
82. Fredericton 52,337
83. Welland 50,331
84. Saint-Hyacinthe 50,326
85. North Bay 50,170
86. Shawinigan 49,161
87. Dollard-Des Ormeaux 48,930
88. Belleville 48,821
89. Cornwall 48,821
90. North Vancouver 48,000
91. Vernon 47,274
92. Blainville 46,493
93. Haldimand County 45,212
94. Timmins 42,997
95. Chateauguay 42,786
96. Quinte West 42,697
97. Charlottetown 42,402
98. Rimouski 42,240
99. Saint-Eustache 42,062
100. Grande Prairie 41,462

View All Canada Cities...




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