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Democratic Republic of the Congo Country Information

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Democratic Republic of the Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo Flag
Population: 70,916,439
Area: 2,345,410
Continent: AF
Capitol: Kinshasa
Currency: Franc (CDF)
Primary Languages Spoken: fr-CD,ln,kg
Domain Name TLD: .cd
Phone Prefix: 243
Country Code (FIPS): CG
Neighboring Countries: TZ,CF,XS,RW,ZM,BI,UG,CG,AO(Tanzania Republic of the Congo Rwanda Uganda Democratic Republic of the Congo Angola )

Democratic Republic of the Congo Map
Democratic Republic of the Congo Map



Summary:
Established as a Belgian colony in 1908, the then-Republic of the Congo gained its independence in 1960, but its early years were marred by political and social instability. Col. Joseph MOBUTU seized power and declared himself president in a November 1965 coup. He subsequently changed his name - to MOBUTU Sese Seko - as well as that of the country - to Zaire. MOBUTU retained his position for 32 years through several sham elections, as well as through brutal force. Ethnic strife and civil war, touched off by a massive inflow of refugees in 1994 from fighting in Rwanda and Burundi, led in May 1997 to the toppling of the MOBUTU regime by a rebellion backed by Rwanda and Uganda and fronted by Laurent KABILA. He renamed the country the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), but in August 1998 his regime was itself challenged by a second insurrection again backed by Rwanda and Uganda. Troops from Angola, Chad, Namibia, Sudan, and Zimbabwe intervened to support KABILA's regime. A cease-fire was signed in July 1999 by the DRC, Congolese armed rebel groups, Angola, Namibia, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zimbabwe but sporadic fighting continued. Laurent KABILA was assassinated in January 2001 and his son, Joseph KABILA, was named head of state. In October 2002, the new president was successful in negotiating the withdrawal of Rwandan forces occupying eastern Congo; two months later, the Pretoria Accord was signed by all remaining warring parties to end the fighting and establish a government of national unity. A transitional government was set up in July 2003. Joseph KABILA as president and four vice presidents represented the former government, former rebel groups, the political opposition, and civil society. The transitional government held a successful constitutional referendum in December 2005 and elections for the presidency, National Assembly, and provincial legislatures in 2006. The National Assembly was installed in September 2006 and KABILA was inaugurated president in December 2006. Provincial assemblies were constituted in early 2007, and elected governors and national senators in January 2007. The next national elections are scheduled for November 2011.

Location:
Central Africa, northeast of Angola

Geographical Coordinates:
0 00 N, 25 00 E

Climate:
tropical; hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler and wetter in eastern highlands; north of Equator - wet season (April to October), dry season (December to February); south of Equator - wet season (November to March), dry season (April to October)

Terrain:
vast central basin is a low-lying plateau; mountains in east

Natural Resources:
cobalt, copper, niobium, tantalum, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, uranium, coal, hydropower, timber

Area Comparisons:
slightly less than one-fourth the size of the US

Coastline:
37 km

Growth Rate:


Map Reference:
Africa

Democratic Republic of the Congo

List of States / Privinces / Districts in Democratic Republic of the Congo


1. Province du Sud-Kivu
2. Province du Katanga
3. Province du Nord-Kivu
4. Province du Maniema
5. Province du Kasai-Oriental
6. Province du Kasai-Occidental
7. Province Orientale
8. Province de l' Equateur
9. Ville de Kinshasa
10. Province du Bas-Congo
11. Province de Bandundu



Democratic Republic of the Congo's Largest Cities

(Democratic Republic of the Congo's Most Populated Cities)


Top 69 Democratic Republic of the Congo cities shown of 69 total Democratic Republic of the Congo cities that are over 1,000 in population...

1. Kinshasa 7,785,965
2. Lubumbashi 1,373,770
3. Mbuji-Mayi 874,761
4. Kisangani 539,158
5. Masina 485,167
6. Kananga 463,546
7. Likasi 422,414
8. Kolwezi 418,000
9. Tshikapa 267,462
10. Bukavu 225,389
11. Mwene-Ditu 189,177
12. Kikwit 186,991
13. Mbandaka 184,185
14. Matadi 180,109
15. Uvira 170,391
16. Butembo 154,621
17. Gandajika 154,425
18. Kalemie 146,974
19. Goma 144,124
20. Kindu 135,698
21. Isiro 127,076
22. Bandundu 118,211
23. Gemena 117,639
24. Ilebo 107,093
25. Bunia 96,764
26. Bumba 95,520
27. Beni 89,648
28. Mbanza-Ngungu 86,356
29. Kamina 73,557
30. Lisala 70,087
31. Lodja 68,244
32. Kipushi 62,332
33. Kabinda 59,004
34. Kasongo 55,118
35. Mweka 50,675
36. Gbadolite 50,493
37. Buta 50,130
38. Bulungu 48,344
39. Basoko 43,709
40. Lubao 43,068
41. Lusambo 41,416
42. Nioki 40,695
43. Inongo 40,113
44. Tshela 38,845
45. Bukama 38,770
46. Mangai 37,188
47. Kampene 37,034
48. Kabare 37,034
49. Kambove 36,702
50. Yangambi 35,531
51. Luebo 35,183
52. Aketi 35,161
53. Mushie 33,062
54. Boende 32,091
55. Kongolo 31,943
56. Kabalo 29,833
57. Kaniama 29,412
58. Businga 28,919
59. Kasangulu 27,961
60. Bolobo 27,862
61. Libenge 27,053
62. Watsa 24,516
63. Demba 22,263
64. Kasongo-Lunda 20,060
65. Bondo 17,860
66. Wamba 17,373
67. Sake 17,151
68. Bosobolo 14,553
69. Bongandanga 4,105

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