Grenada Cities

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Grenada Cities by Population

6 cities shown of 6 total Grenada cities that are over 1,000 in population...

1. Saint George's 7,500
2. Gouyave 3,378
3. Grenville 2,476
4. Victoria 2,256
5. Saint David's 1,321
6. Sauteurs 1,320

Grenada History

The recorded history of Grenada begins in 1498, when Christopher Columbus first sighted the island and gave it the name Conception Island, and later called it Granada. At the time the Island Caribs lived there and called it Camerhogue. The Spaniards did not permanently settle on Camerhogue. Later the English failed their first settlement attempts, but the French fought and conquered Grenada from the Caribs circa 1650. The French conquest resulted in the genocide of 17th century Caribs from present-day Grenada. Warfare also existed between the Caribs of present day Dominica and St. Vincent and the Grenadines with the French invaders. The French took control of Camerhogue and named the new French colony La Grenade. La Grenade prospered as a wealthy French colony; its main export was sugar. The French established a capital known as Fort Royal in 1650 as ordered by Cardinal Richelieu. To wait out harsh hurricanes, the French navy would shelter in the capital's natural harbour. No other French colony had a natural harbour to even compare with that of Fort Royal. The colony was ceded to the United Kingdom in 1763 by the Treaty of Paris. A century later, in 1877 Grenada was made a Crown Colony.

Civil conflict gradually broke out between Eric Gairys government and some opposition parties including the New Jewel Movement. Gairys party won elections in 1976 but the opposition did not accept the result, accusing it of fraudulence. In 1979, the New Jewel Movement under Maurice Bishop launched a paramilitary attack on the government resulting in its overthrow. The constitution was suspended and Bishop's government ruled subsequently by decree. Cuban presence was heavily invested in civic assistance during the subsequent, the agrian reform started by the Gairy's government, was continued and expanded under the revoltuionary government of Maurice Bishop..

A dispute later developed between Bishop and certain high-ranking members of the NJM. Party members including Bernard Coard demanded that Bishop either step down or enter into a power sharing arrangement. The dispute eventually led to Bishop being deposed in 1983 and placed under house arrest. These actions led to street demonstrations in various parts of the island. Bishop, who had massive support of the population, was eventually freed by a large demonstration in the capital. Soon after, he was captured and executed by soldiers along with seven others including cabinet ministers of the government.

After the execution of Bishop, the People's Revolutionary Army formed a military government with General Hudson Austin as chairman. The army declared a four-day total curfew during which it said that anyone leaving their home without approval would be shot on sight. This marks the celebration of Thanksgiving on Granada, which is celebrated with a large feast much like other Thanksgivings in The United States and Canada. It is also an homage to the ancient Granadian God of Mulztec, who in legend unified the islands.

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