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Guatemala Cities by Population


300 cities shown of 314 total Guatemala cities that are over 1,000 in population...

1. Guatemala City 994,938
2. Mixco 473,080
3. Villa Nueva 406,830
4. Petapa 141,455
5. San Juan Sacatepequez 136,886
6. Quetzaltenango 132,230
7. Villa Canales 122,194
8. Escuintla 103,165
9. Chinautla 97,172
10. Chimaltenango 82,370
11. Chichicastenango 79,759
12. Huehuetenango 79,426
13. Amatitlan 71,836
14. Totonicapan 69,734
15. Santa Catarina Pinula 67,994
16. Santa Lucia Cotzumalguapa 62,097
17. Puerto Barrios 56,605
18. San Francisco El Alto 54,493
19. Coban 53,375
20. San Jose Pinula 47,247
21. San Pedro Ayampuc 46,803
22. Jalapa 45,834
23. Coatepeque 45,654
24. Solola 45,373
25. Mazatenango 44,132
26. Chiquimula 41,521
27. San Pedro Sacatepequez 40,021
28. Antigua Guatemala 39,368
29. Retalhuleu 36,656
30. Zacapa 36,088
31. Jutiapa 34,332
32. Jacaltenango 34,084
33. Santiago Atitlan 33,309
34. Momostenango 31,739
35. Palin 31,329
36. San Benito 30,764
37. Barberena 30,539
38. Ciudad Vieja 30,203
39. Ostuncalco 28,894
40. Fraijanes 28,492
41. Nahuala 27,690
42. Cantel 26,063
43. Panzos 25,569
44. San Marcos 25,088
45. Santiago Sacatepequez 24,210
46. La Gomera 24,001
47. Santa Cruz del Quiche 23,618
48. Nebaj 23,301
49. Tecpan Guatemala 21,978
50. Sumpango 20,884
51. Comalapa 20,738
52. Esquipulas 20,674
53. Flores 20,464
54. Chicacao 20,426
55. San Pablo Jocopilas 20,259
56. Comitancillo 19,669
57. San Cristobal Verapaz 19,664
58. Gualan 19,354
59. Nuevo San Carlos 19,162
60. Colomba 19,115
61. Morales 18,994
62. Patzun 18,704
63. Puerto San Jose 18,655
64. San Andres Itzapa 18,647
65. Palencia 18,574
66. Pueblo Nuevo Tiquisate 18,189
67. San Lucas Sacatepequez 17,959
68. Jocotenango 17,918
69. Alotenango 17,410
70. Poptun 17,320
71. Chisec 17,018
72. Patzicia 16,494
73. Cuilapa 16,484
74. La Esperanza 16,461
75. Sanarate 15,843
76. El Estor 15,842
77. El Tejar 15,770
78. Asuncion Mita 15,608
79. Santa Maria de Jesus 15,529
80. El Palmar 15,167
81. Malacatan 14,923
82. San Sebastian 14,823
83. Santa Catarina Ixtahuacan 14,734
84. San Lucas Toliman 14,545
85. Livingston 14,350
86. San Pedro Sacatepequez 14,315
87. Patulul 14,196
88. Barillas 14,100
89. San Francisco Zapotitlan 13,855
90. San Miguel Chicaj 13,747
91. San Pablo 13,668
92. Guastatoya 13,467
93. San Pedro Carcha 13,332
94. San Mateo Ixtatan 13,213
95. Joyabaj 13,164
96. Santa Lucia Milpas Altas 13,001
97. Santa Barbara 12,906
98. Panajachel 12,863
99. Chiquimulilla 12,842
100. San Andres Xecul 12,133
101. El Quetzal 12,122
102. Sacapulas 12,088
103. Flores Costa Cuca 11,984
104. Salcaja 11,966
105. Cabrican 11,946
106. San Juan Chamelco 11,944
107. Almolonga 11,913
108. Chajul 11,657
109. Atescatempa 11,543
110. Ciudad Melchor de Mencos 11,457
111. Ciudad Tecun Uman 11,432
112. Nueva Concepcion 11,121
113. San Juan Cotzal 11,046
114. San Antonio Suchitepequez 10,951
115. Soloma 10,916
116. Cuyotenango 10,825
117. Santa Catarina Mita 10,817
118. Rabinal 10,737
119. Dolores 10,604
120. Jalpatagua 10,469
121. Pastores 10,393
122. Monjas 10,351
123. San Agustin Acasaguastlan 10,335
124. San Luis Jilotepeque 10,306
125. Oratorio 10,155
126. Nueva Santa Rosa 10,130
127. Masagua 10,045
128. Zunil 9,986
129. Huitan 9,958
130. San Martin Jilotepeque 9,846
131. Cubulco 9,753
132. San Pedro La Laguna 9,681
133. Parramos 9,613
134. Santa Ana 9,523
135. Ocos 9,463
136. Zaragoza 9,361
137. Zacualpa 9,241
138. San Cristobal Cucho 9,152
139. Sayaxche 9,100
140. Tactic 8,999
141. Samayac 8,994
142. Casillas 8,970
143. Yepocapa 8,961
144. Estanzuela 8,937
145. Concepcion 8,925
146. San Felipe 8,921
147. Santo Domingo Xenacoj 8,791
148. San Raimundo 8,689
149. La Libertad 8,646
150. Chiantla 8,465
151. San Miguel Duenas 8,424
152. Cunen 8,400
153. Pajapita 8,164
154. Moyuta 8,145
155. Nuevo Progreso 8,113
156. San Jeronimo 8,093
157. Concepcion Chiquirichapa 8,080
158. San Luis Ixcan 7,850
159. Santa Cruz Balanya 7,825
160. San Antonio Aguas Calientes 7,811
161. San Antonio La Paz 7,781
162. Champerico 7,761
163. Rio Bravo 7,568
164. El Tumbador 7,562
165. San Miguel Siguila 7,551
166. Mataquescuintla 7,539
167. Chahal 7,465
168. El Progreso 7,350
169. San Andres 7,235
170. San Vicente Pacaya 7,162
171. Chuarrancho 7,149
172. Santo Tomas La Union 7,081
173. Guazacapan 7,080
174. Acatenango 7,050
175. Santa Maria Chiquimula 6,980
176. San Carlos Sija 6,831
177. San Luis 6,776
178. Taxisco 6,518
179. La Libertad 6,439
180. Tacana 6,438
181. Teculutan 6,407
182. San Jose Acatempa 6,367
183. Santo Domingo Suchitepequez 6,270
184. San Bartolome Milpas Altas 6,261
185. Santa Cruz Naranjo 6,254
186. San Pablo La Laguna 6,186
187. El Asintal 6,156
188. Rio Hondo 5,997
189. San Jose Poaquil 5,987
190. Santa Rosa de Lima 5,984
191. Santa Cruz Verapaz 5,843
192. San Antonio Huista 5,669
193. Senahu 5,633
194. Magdalena Milpas Altas 5,582
195. Aguacatan 5,572
196. San Mateo 5,534
197. San Bernardino 5,501
198. La Democracia 5,479
199. Purulha 5,370
200. Santa Clara La Laguna 5,306
201. Ipala 5,283
202. San Andres Villa Seca 5,102
203. Usumatlan 4,987
204. Jocotan 4,930
205. Santa Eulalia 4,921
206. San Jose del Golfo 4,908
207. La Reforma 4,905
208. Tucuru 4,772
209. Uspantan 4,714
210. Cabanas 4,678
211. Cahabon 4,671
212. San Juan La Laguna 4,608
213. Jerez 4,421
214. San Martin Zapotitlan 4,419
215. Tajumulco 4,329
216. San Rafael Pie de La Cuesta 4,320
217. El Jicaro 4,242
218. Pueblo Nuevo Vinas 4,211
219. San Cristobal Totonicapan 4,191
220. Quezaltepeque 4,126
221. San Gabriel 4,118
222. Iztapa 4,020
223. San Francisco 3,954
224. Pochuta 3,879
225. Sansare 3,792
226. Genova 3,744
227. Ixtahuacan 3,708
228. La Union 3,682
229. San Miguel Ixtahuacan 3,662
230. San Martin Sacatepequez 3,658
231. Santa Maria Ixhuatan 3,634
232. San Antonio Palopo 3,588
233. San Pedro Necta 3,554
234. Los Amates 3,417
235. Conguaco 3,415
236. San Pedro Pinula 3,302
237. Concepcion 3,292
238. Todos Santos Cuchumatan 3,289
239. Santa Catarina Barahona 3,214
240. Pueblo Nuevo 3,116
241. Catarina 3,040
242. Yupiltepeque 3,028
243. Santiago Chimaltenango 3,020
244. Santa Catarina Palopo 2,948
245. Cajola 2,927
246. Guanagazapa 2,842
247. Agua Blanca 2,776
248. San Miguel Acatan 2,773
249. Zunilito 2,745
250. Huite 2,712
251. Santa Cruz Mulua 2,706
252. Chinique 2,693
253. San Marcos La Laguna 2,681
254. San Juan Bautista 2,680
255. Tejutla 2,653
256. San Manuel Chaparron 2,624
257. San Andres Semetabaj 2,605
258. San Rafael Las Flores 2,572
259. Morazan 2,554
260. San Juan Ixcoy 2,535
261. Nenton 2,530
262. San Jose El Idolo 2,412
263. Chiche 2,406
264. Santa Apolonia 2,396
265. El Chol 2,391
266. San Jose La Arada 2,361
267. Pachalum 2,344
268. Ixchiguan 2,263
269. Quesada 2,250
270. San Juan Tecuaco 2,210
271. San Cristobal Acasaguastlan 2,171
272. San Lorenzo 2,165
273. Malacatancito 2,121
274. Chicaman 2,090
275. San Miguel Panan 2,024
276. San Antonio Ilotenango 2,021
277. Lanquin 2,006
278. Santa Ana Huista 2,004
279. San Andres Sajcabaja 1,988
280. El Adelanto 1,964
281. San Juan Atitan 1,910
282. El Rodeo 1,887
283. Pasaco 1,873
284. Cuilco 1,713
285. Canilla 1,698
286. Palestina de los Altos 1,691
287. Olopa 1,690
288. Colotenango 1,690
289. San Antonio Sacatepequez 1,658
290. Sibinal 1,657
291. San Juan Ermita 1,623
292. San Bartolome Jocotenango 1,620
293. Zapotitlan 1,617
294. Camotan 1,597
295. Esquipulas Palo Gordo 1,533
296. San Rafael Petzal 1,525
297. San Jacinto 1,519
298. Comapa 1,493
299. Santa Maria Visitacion 1,487
300. Santa Cruz La Laguna 1,422



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Guatemala History

The first evidence of human settlers in Guatemala goes back to at least 12,000 BC. There is some evidence that may put this date as early as 18,000 BC, such as obsidian arrow heads found in various parts of the country. There is archaeological proof that early Guatemalan settlers were hunters and gatherers, but pollen samples from Petn and the Pacific coast indicate that maize cultivation was developed by 3500 BC. Archaic sites have been documented in Quich in the Highlands and Sipacate, Escuintla on the central Pacific coast.

Archaeologists divide the pre-Columbian history of Mesoamerica into 3 periods: the Pre-Classic from 2000 BC to 250 AD, the Classic from 250 to 900 AD, and the Calistic from 900 to 1500 AD. Until recently, the Pre-Classic was regarded as a formative period, with small villages of farmers who lived in huts, and few permanent buildings, but this notion has been challenged by recent discoveries of monumental architecture from that period, such as an altar in La Blanca, San Marcos, from 1000 BC; ceremonial sites at Miraflores and El Naranjo from 801 BC; the earliest monumental masks; and the Mirador Basin cities of Nakb, Xulnal, El Tintal, Wakn and El Mirador.

El Mirador was by far the most populated city in pre-Columbian America. Both the El Tigre and Monos pyramids encompass a volume greater than 250,000 cubic meters. Mirador was the first politically organized state in America, named the Kan Kingdom in ancient texts. There were 26 cities, all connected by Sacbeob, which were several kilometers long, up to 40 meters wide, and two to four meters above the ground, paved with stucco, that are clearly distinguishable from the air in the most extensive virgin tropical rain forest in Mesoamerica.

The Classic period of Mesoamerican civilization corresponds to the height of the Maya civilization, and is represented by countless sites throughout Guatemala, although the largest concentration is in Petn. This period is characterized by heavy city-building, the development of independent city-states, and contact with other Mesoamerican cultures.

This lasted until around 900 AD, when the Classic Maya civilization collapsed. The Maya abandoned many of the cities of the central lowlands or were killed off by a drought-induced famine. Scientists debate the cause of the Classic Maya Collapse, but gaining currency is the Drought Theory discovered by physical scientists studying lakebeds, ancient pollen, and other tangible evidence. A series of prolonged droughts in what is otherwise a seasonal desert is thought to have decimated the Maya, who were primarily reliant upon regular rainfall. The Post-Classic period is represented by regional kingdoms such as the Itz and Ko'woj in the lakes area in Petn, and the Mam, Ki'ch'es, Kack'chiquel, Tz'utuh'il, Pokom'ch, Kek'chi and Chort in the Highlands. These cities preserved many aspects of Mayan culture, but would never equal the size or power of the Classic cities.







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