Guyana Cities

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Guyana Cities by Population

12 cities shown of 12 total Guyana cities that are over 1,000 in population...

1. Georgetown 235,017
2. Linden 44,690
3. New Amsterdam 35,039
4. Anna Regina 12,448
5. Bartica 11,157
6. Skeldon 5,859
7. Rosignol 5,782
8. Mahaica Village 4,867
9. Parika 4,081
10. Vreed en Hoop 3,073
11. Fort Wellington 2,253
12. Mahaicony Village 2,130

Guyana History

Escaped slaves formed their own settlements known as Maroon communities. With the abolition of slavery in 1834 many of the former enslaved people began to settle in urban areas. Indentured labourers from modern day Portugal, Germany, Ireland, Scotland, Malta, China and India were imported to work on the sugar plantations.

In 1889 Venezuela claimed the land up to the Essequibo. Ten years later an international tribunal ruled the land belonged to British Guyana.

Guyana achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1966 and became a republic on 23 February 1970, remaining a member of the Commonwealth. The United States State Department and the United States Central Intelligence Agency, along with the British government, played a strong role in influencing who would politically control Guyana during this time. They provided secret financial support and political campaign advice to pro-western Guyanese of African descent, especially Forbes Burnham's People's National Congress to the detriment of the Cheddi Jagan-led People's Progressive Party, mostly supported by Guyanese of Indian descent, which had ties with the Soviet Union. In 1978, Guyana received considerable international attention when 918 almost entirely American members of the Jim Jones-led Peoples Temple died in Jonestown, Georgetown and at a Temple attack at a small airstrip which resulted in the murder of five people, including the only Congressman murdered in the line of duty in U.S. history, Leo Ryan.

Guyana can be divided into four natural regions: a narrow and fertile marshy plain along the Atlantic coast where most of the population lives, then a white sand belt more inland, containing most of Guyana's mineral deposits, the dense rainforests across the middle of the country, the grassy flat savannah in the south and finally the larger interior highlands consisting mostly of mountains that gradually rise to the Brazilian border.

Guyana's main mountains are contained here, including Mount Ayanganna) and on Mount Roraima the highest mountain in Guyana) on the Brazil-Guyana-Venezuela tripoint, part of the Pakaraima range. Roraima and Guyana's table-top mountains are said to have been the inspiration for Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's 1912 novel The Lost World. There are also many steep escarpments and waterfalls, including the famous Kaieteur Falls. Between the Rupununi River and the border with Brazil lies the Rupununi savannah, south of which lie the Kanuku Mountains.

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