Iceland Cities

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Iceland Cities by Population

27 cities shown of 27 total Iceland cities that are over 1,000 in population...

1. Reykjavik 113,906
2. Kopavogur 26,157
3. Hafnarfjordur 22,289
4. Akureyri 16,563
5. Gardabar 9,265
6. Mosfellsbaer 8,479
7. Keflavik 7,930
8. Selfoss 6,275
9. Akranes 5,606
10. Seltjarnarnes 4,395
11. Vestmannaeyjar 4,200
12. Njardvik 2,844
13. Saudarkrokur 2,682
14. Grindavik 2,539
15. Isafjoerdur 2,534
16. Alftanes 2,523
17. Husavik 2,338
18. Hveragerdi 2,281
19. Egilsstadir 2,265
20. Borgarnes 1,783
21. Hofn 1,695
22. Neskaupstadur 1,410
23. Dalvik 1,403
24. Siglufjordur 1,391
25. Sandgerdi 1,371
26. Torlakshofn 1,262
27. Stykkisholmur 1,059

Iceland History

Today, Iceland has some of the world's highest levels of economic and civil freedoms. In 2007, Iceland is ranked as the most developed country in the world by the United Nations' Human Development Index. It was also the fourth most productive country per capita, and one of the most egalitarian, as rated by the Gini coefficient. Icelanders have a rich culture and heritage, such as cuisine and poetry, and the medieval Icelandic Sagas are internationally renowned. Iceland is a member of the UN, NATO, EFTA, EEA and OECD, but not of the European Union.

Iceland is located in the North Atlantic Ocean just south of the Arctic Circle, which passes through the small island of Grmsey off Iceland's northern coast, but not through mainland Iceland. Unlike neighbouring Greenland, Iceland is considered to be a part of Europe, not of North America, though geologically the island belongs to both continents. Because of cultural, economic and linguistic similarities, Iceland in many contexts is also included in Scandinavia. The closest bodies of land are Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The closest distance to the mainland of Europe is 970 km.

Iceland is the world's 18th largest island, and Europe's second largest island following Great Britain. The country is 103,000 km in size, of which 62.7% is tundra. Lakes and glaciers cover 14.3%; only 23% is vegetated. The largest lakes are risvatn: 8388 km and ingvallavatn: 82 km; other important lakes include Lgurinn and Mvatn. skjuvatn is the deepest lake at 220 m.

Many fjords punctuate its extensive coastline, which is also where most settlements are situated because the island's interior, the Highlands of Iceland, is a cold and uninhabitable combination of sand and mountains. The major towns are the capital Reykjavk, Kpavogur, Hafnarfjrur, Reykjanesbr, where the international airport is located, and Akureyri. The island of Grmsey on the Arctic Circle contains the northernmost habitation of Iceland.

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