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Kazakhstan Cities by Population


257 cities shown of 257 total Kazakhstan cities that are over 1,000 in population...

1. Almaty 2,000,900
2. Karagandy 451,800
3. Qaraghandy 451,800
4. Shymkent 414,032
5. Taraz 358,153
6. Astana 345,604
7. Pavlodar 329,002
8. Ust'-Kamenogorsk 319,067
9. Qyzylorda 300,000
10. Semey 292,780
11. Aqtobe 262,457
12. Qostanay 210,000
13. Petropavlovsk 200,920
14. Oral 200,000
15. Taldyqorghan 200,000
16. Atyrau 180,000
17. Temirtau 170,600
18. Aktau 147,443
19. Kokshetau 124,444
20. Rudnyy 124,000
21. Ekibastuz 121,470
22. Taldyqorghan 116,558
23. Zhezqazghan 104,357
24. Turkestan 97,360
25. Balqash 81,364
26. Sarkand 76,919
27. Baykonyr 70,000
28. Kentau 57,408
29. Ridder 52,664
30. Qulsary 51,216
31. Shchuchinsk 47,290
32. Stepnogorsk 46,736
33. Zyryanovsk 44,929
34. Aqsu 44,808
35. Zhetiqara 43,104
36. Sorang 42,552
37. Talghar 42,194
38. Qapshaghay 42,167
39. Arkalyk 42,000
40. Lisakovsk 40,000
41. Shu 39,785
42. Karatau 37,881
43. Arys 36,285
44. Ayteke Bi 35,883
45. Abay 35,454
46. Aqsay 34,799
47. Atbasar 34,797
48. Zharkent 34,422
49. Zhangatas 33,492
50. Ayagoz 33,479
51. Aral 33,017
52. Esik 32,995
53. Shieli 29,832
54. Oktyabr'sk 28,196
55. Tekeli 26,678
56. Aksu 26,115
57. Shardara 25,356
58. Saryaghash 25,139
59. Khromtau 23,715
60. Georgievka 22,047
61. Zhangaqorghan 21,339
62. Lenger 21,238
63. Burunday 20,996
64. Ush-Tyube 20,492
65. Shemonaikha 20,087
66. Zhosaly 20,065
67. Balyqshy 19,260
68. Energeticheskiy 18,864
69. Embi 18,760
70. Turar Ryskulov 18,421
71. Makinsk 17,711
72. Zaysan 17,600
73. Akkol' 16,773
74. Tasboget 16,455
75. Merke 15,934
76. Sarykemer 15,132
77. Urzhar 14,826
78. Qazyqurt 14,737
79. Beyneu 14,245
80. Dzhalagash 14,226
81. Yereymentau 14,169
82. Maqat 14,082
83. Saryozek 13,930
84. Derzhavinsk 13,856
85. Qarazhal 13,807
86. Esil 13,504
87. Priozersk 13,457
88. Shakhan 13,273
89. Inderbor 13,254
90. Atasu 13,184
91. Taiynsha 13,148
92. Kulan 13,128
93. Turgen' 13,000
94. Ilyich 12,895
95. Temirlanovka 12,245
96. Shetpe 11,836
97. Kuryk 11,836
98. Balpyk Bi 11,810
99. Shubarkuduk 11,733
100. Zhetibay 11,731
101. Asykata 11,378
102. Glubokoye 11,192
103. Moyynkum 10,923
104. Sholaqqkorghan 10,836
105. Kurchatov 10,747
106. Lugovoy 10,422
107. Kachar 10,285
108. Khantaghy 10,186
109. Kegen 9,993
110. Aktau 9,977
111. Belusovka 9,948
112. Aqtas 9,888
113. Bulaevo 9,886
114. Komsomolets 9,838
115. Oytal 9,821
116. Georgievka 9,821
117. Myrzakent 9,752
118. Aqadyr 9,710
119. Terenozek 9,661
120. Borovskoy 9,659
121. Shayan 9,536
122. Dossor 9,526
123. Aqtau 9,500
124. Ertis 9,216
125. Shar 9,087
126. Kachiry 8,931
127. Makhambet 8,905
128. Qaraton 8,905
129. Zhezkent 8,896
130. Sergeyevka 8,845
131. Kurchum 8,800
132. Shubarshi 8,651
133. Leninskiy 8,646
134. Aqsu 8,543
135. Maloye Ganyushkino 8,387
136. Fedorovka 8,317
137. Zhanibek 8,212
138. Qarqaraly 8,195
139. Qusmuryn 8,049
140. Pervomayskiy 7,874
141. Martuk 7,756
142. Mayqayyng 7,695
143. Bayganin 7,657
144. Osakarovka 7,305
145. Bestobe 7,189
146. Tobol 7,155
147. Kievka 7,037
148. Kamenka 6,980
149. Shortandy 6,980
150. Bakanas 6,965
151. Zholymbet 6,876
152. Zhumysker 6,834
153. Sastobe 6,827
154. Kishkenekol' 6,779
155. Tughyl 6,696
156. Aksuat 6,696
157. Qazaly 6,582
158. Burabay 6,500
159. Astrakhan 6,459
160. Dzhambeyty 6,262
161. Chingirlau 6,218
162. Miyaly 6,213
163. Balkashino 6,147
164. Ust'-Talovka 6,122
165. Novoishimskiy 6,062
166. Zavodskoy 6,043
167. Zhanga Buqtyrma 6,026
168. Chapaev 6,000
169. Dzhangala 5,954
170. Borodulikha 5,931
171. Smirnovo 5,742
172. Bayanauyl 5,700
173. Batamshinskiy 5,668
174. Asubulaq 5,644
175. Ashchysay 5,635
176. Shantobe 5,626
177. Bishkul' 5,423
178. Qalqaman 5,415
179. Lepsy 5,350
180. Fedorovka 5,338
181. Torghay 5,277
182. Qarauyl 5,261
183. Zhelezinka 5,225
184. Fort-Shevchenko 5,213
185. Novodolinskiy 5,167
186. Kokpekty 5,165
187. Zhaqsy 5,001
188. Aqtoghay 4,974
189. Yavlenka 4,945
190. Stepnyak 4,928
191. Ordzhonikidze 4,919
192. Aqshatau 4,899
193. Saykhin 4,825
194. Kaztalovka 4,825
195. Aqsu-Ayuly 4,721
196. Yrghyz 4,673
197. Sayaq 4,543
198. Dolinka 4,543
199. Zhalghyztobe 4,400
200. Saryshaghan 4,365
201. Akkol' 4,245
202. Bakyrshik 4,209
203. Timiryazevo 4,147
204. Matay 4,139
205. Tokarevka 4,098
206. Munayshy 4,085
207. Sarykamys 4,038
208. Peremetnoe 4,003
209. Qushoqy 3,920
210. Shalqiya 3,822
211. Krasnoznamenskoe 3,751
212. Aktogay 3,741
213. Ulken 3,735
214. Krasnogorskiy 3,646
215. Koktobe 3,610
216. Burlin 3,593
217. Akzhal 3,563
218. Shashubay 3,563
219. Bautino 3,247
220. Karasu 3,220
221. Taranovskoye 3,130
222. Talshyq 3,111
223. Krugloozernoe 2,977
224. Troyebratskiy 2,951
225. Saken Seyfullin 2,940
226. Dostyq 2,930
227. Maleevsk 2,678
228. Altay 2,678
229. Karabas 2,672
230. Aqkol 2,605
231. Taushyq 2,600
232. Pervorosiyskiy 2,583
233. Temir 2,560
234. Shyghanaq 2,405
235. Kokterek 2,384
236. Bayzhansay 2,384
237. Bayaldyr 2,276
238. Saumalkol' 2,074
239. Moyynty 2,049
240. Granitogorsk 2,004
241. Omirzaq 1,885
242. Bayshonas 1,864
243. Aqbaqay 1,804
244. Ognevka 1,722
245. Sayotesh 1,571
246. Belogorskiy 1,530
247. Kyzylzhar 1,514
248. Belkol 1,486
249. Koktal 1,403
250. Khantau 1,403
251. Birlestik 1,354
252. Zhambyl 1,336
253. Mynaral 1,303
254. Shubarkol 1,247
255. Suykbulak 1,244
256. Verkhniye Kayrakty 1,158
257. Priisk Boko 1,052





Kazakhstan History

the USSR's primary nuclear weapon testing site."""

Kazakhstan declared itself an independent country on December 16, 1991, the last Soviet republic to do so. Its communist-era leader, Nursultan Nazarbayev, became the country's new president. Since independence, Kazakhstan has pursued a balanced foreign policy and worked to develop its economy, especially its hydrocarbon industry. While the country's economic outlook is improving, President Nazarbayev maintains strict control over the country's politics. Several opposition leaders and journalists have been killed in recent years, and Western observers generally do not consider Kazakhstan's elections to be free and fair. Nevertheless, Kazakhstan's international prestige is building. It is now considered to be the dominant state in Central Asia. The country belongs to many international organizations, including the United Nations, NATO's Partnership for Peace, the Commonwealth of Independent States, and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. In 2010, Kazakhstan will chair the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. In 2011, it will form a customs union with Russia and Belarus.

Kazakhstan is ethnically and culturally diverse, in part due to mass deportations of many ethnic groups to the country during Stalin's rule. Kazakhs are the largest group, followed by Russians. Kazakhstan allows freedom of religion, and many different beliefs are represented in the country. Islam is the primary religion, followed by Orthodox Christianity. The official language is Kazakh, though Russian is still commonly used for everyday communication.

Kazakhstan has been inhabited since the Stone Age: the region's climate and terrain are best suited for nomads practising pastoralism. Historians believe that humans first domesticated the horse in the region's vast steppes. While ancient cities Taraz and Hazrat-e Turkestan had long served as important way-stations along the Silk Road connecting East and West, real political consolidation only began with the Mongol invasion of the early thirteenth century AD. Under the Mongol Empire, administrative districts were established, and these eventually came under the emergent Kazakh Khanate.







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