Mongolia Cities

< View Mongolia Country Information

View Mongolia Cities Alphabetically

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

Mongolia Cities by Population

26 cities shown of 26 total Mongolia cities that are over 1,000 in population...

1. Ulaanbaatar 844,818
2. Erdenet 79,647
3. Darhan 74,300
4. Hovd 30,500
5. OElgiy 28,400
6. Ulaangom 28,085
7. Hovd 27,924
8. Murun-kuren 27,690
9. Suhbaatar 24,235
10. Bayanhongor 23,234
11. Saynshand 19,891
12. Dzuunharaa 18,830
13. Zuunmod 17,630
14. Bulgan 17,348
15. Baruun-Urt 15,805
16. Mandalgovi 15,430
17. Dalandzadgad 15,093
18. Zezen Khana 14,723
19. Choyr 9,895
20. Tosontsengel 9,526
21. Harhorin 9,000
22. Kharkhorin 8,977
23. Tsetserleg 5,876
24. Ulaanhudag 1,500
25. Ereencav 23
26. Choybalsan 23

Mongolia History

Mongolia, since prehistoric times, has been inhabited by nomads who, from time to time, formed great confederations that rose to prominence. The first of these, the Xiongnu, were brought together to form a confederation by Modu Shanyu in 209 BC. Soon they emerged as the greatest threat to the Qin Dynasty, forcing the latter to construct the Great Wall of China, itself being guarded by up to almost 300,000 soldiers during marshal Meng Tian's tenure, as a means of defense against the destructive Xiongnu raids. After the decline of the Xiongnu, the Rouran, a close relative of the Mongols, came to power before being defeated by the Gktrks, who then dominated Mongolia for centuries. During the seventh and eighth centuries, they were succeeded by Uyghurs and then by the Khitans and Jurchens. By the tenth century, the country was divided into numerous tribes linked through transient alliances and involved in the old patterns of internal strife.

In the chaos of the late twelfth century, a chieftain named Temjin finally succeeded in uniting the Mongol tribes between Manchuria and the Altai Mountains. In 1206, he took the title Genghis Khaan, and waged a series of military campaigns - renowned for their brutality and ferocity - sweeping through much of Asia, and forming the Mongol Empire, the largest contiguous land empire in world history. Under his successors it stretched from present-day Poland in the west to Korea in the east, and from Siberia in the north to the Gulf of Oman and Vietnam in the south, covering some 33,000,000 km, and having a population of over 100 million people.

After Genghis Khaan's death, the empire had been subdivided into four kingdoms or Khanates which eventually split-up after Mngke's death in 1259. One of the khanates, the Great Khaanate"

World Cities™ provides detailed educational information for cities around the world. World city and country information is attained from government sources and is subject to change. World Cities is not liable for any misrepresented information.
© Copyright 2019 World Cities (

Researchers may cite this source as: