Myanmar Country Information

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Burma Flag
Population: 53,414,374
Area: 678,500
Continent: AS
Capitol: Nay Pyi Taw
Currency: Kyat (MMK)
Primary Languages Spoken: my
Domain Name TLD: .mm
Phone Prefix: 95
Country Code (FIPS): BM
Neighboring Countries: CN,LA,TH,BD,IN(Comoros Laos Thailand Bermuda India )

Burma Map
Burma Map

Britain conquered Burma over a period of 62 years (1824-1886) and incorporated it into its Indian Empire. Burma was administered as a province of India until 1937 when it became a separate, self-governing colony; independence from the Commonwealth was attained in 1948. Gen. NE WIN dominated the government from 1962 to 1988, first as military ruler, then as self-appointed president, and later as political kingpin. In September 1988, the military deposed NE WIN and established a new ruling junta. Despite multiparty legislative elections in 1990 that resulted in the main opposition party - the National League for Democracy (NLD) - winning a landslide victory, the junta refused to hand over power. NLD leader and Nobel Peace Prize recipient AUNG SAN SUU KYI, who was under house arrest from 1989 to 1995 and 2000 to 2002, was imprisoned in May 2003 and subsequently transferred to house arrest. After the ruling junta in August 2007 unexpectedly increased fuel prices, tens of thousands of Burmese marched in protest, led by prodemocracy activists and Buddhist monks. In late September 2007, the government brutally suppressed the protests, killing at least 13 people and arresting thousands for participating in the demonstrations. Since then, the regime has continued to raid homes and monasteries and arrest persons suspected of participating in the pro-democracy protests. The junta appointed Labor Minister AUNG KYI in October 2007 as liaison to AUNG SAN SUU KYI, who remains under house arrest and only recently gained the opportunity for limited communication with NLD leaders. Burma in early May 2008 was struck by Cyclone Nargis which official estimates claimed left over 80,000 dead and 50,000 injured. Despite this tragedy, the junta proceeded with its May constitutional referendum, the first vote in Burma since 1990, setting the stage for the 2010 parliamentary elections. AUNG SAN SUU KYI's house arrest was due to end in May 2009, but was extended for eighteen months after she was convicted for violating the terms of her house arrest.

Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand

Geographical Coordinates:
22 00 N, 98 00 E

tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April)

central lowlands ringed by steep, rugged highlands

Natural Resources:
petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower

Area Comparisons:
slightly smaller than Texas

1,930 km

Growth Rate:

Map Reference:
Southeast Asia


Myanmar Facts

Burma, officially the Union of Myanmar, is the largest country by geographical area in mainland Southeast Asia, or Indochina. The country is bordered by the People's Republic of China on the northeast, Laos on the east, Thailand on the southeast, Bangladesh on the west, India on the northwest, and the Bay of Bengal to the southwest with the Gulf of Martaban and Andaman Sea defining its southern periphery. One-third of Burma's total perimeter, 1,930 kilometres, forms an uninterrupted coastline.

Burma's diverse population has played a major role in defining its politics, history and demographics in modern times, and the country continues to struggle to mend its ethnic tensions. Its political system remains under the tight control of the SPDC, the military-led government, led since 1992 by Senior General Than Shwe. The military has dominated government since General Ne Win led a coup in 1962 that toppled the civilian government of U Nu. The country's culture, heavily influenced by neighbours, is based on Theravada Buddhism intertwined with local elements.

On 18 June 1989, the Burmese military junta passed the Adaptation of Expressions Law"" that officially changed the English version of the country's name from Burma to Myanmar, and changed the English versions of many place names in the country along with it, such as its former capital city from Rangoon to Yangon. This prompted one scholar to coin the term ""Myanmarification"" to refer to the top-down programme of political and cultural reform in the context of which the renaming was done. The action was strictly an executive act, not based on any statutory authority, and the government did not hold a national referendum to have the Burmese electorate ratify the name change. Within the Burmese language, Myanma is the written, literary name of the country, while Bama or Bamar is the oral, colloquial name. In spoken Burmese, the distinction is less clear than the English transliteration suggests."

List of States / Privinces / Districts in Myanmar

1. Tanintharyi Division
2. Shan State
3. Sagaing Division
4. Yangon Division
5. Rakhine State
6. Bago Division
7. Mon State
8. Mandalay Division
9. Magway Division
10. Kayah State
11. Kayin State
12. Kachin State
13. Ayeyarwady Division
14. Chin State

Myanmar's Largest Cities

(Myanmar's Most Populated Cities)

Top 62 Myanmar cities shown of 62 total Myanmar cities that are over 1,000 in population...

1. Rangoon 4,477,638
2. Mandalay 1,208,099
3. Nay Pyi Taw 925,000
4. Mawlamyine 438,861
5. Bago 244,376
6. Pathein 237,089
7. Monywa 182,011
8. Akyab 177,743
9. Meiktila 177,442
10. Myeik 173,298
11. Taunggyi 160,115
12. Myingyan 141,713
13. Dawei 136,783
14. Prome 135,308
15. Hinthada 134,947
16. Lashio 131,016
17. Pakokku 126,938
18. Thaton 123,727
19. Maymyo 117,303
20. Yenangyaung 110,553
21. Taungoo 106,945
22. Thayetmyo 98,185
23. Pyinmana 97,409
24. Magway 96,954
25. Myitkyina 90,894
26. Chauk 90,870
27. Mogok 90,843
28. Nyaunglebin 89,626
29. Mudon 89,123
30. Shwebo 88,914
31. Sagaing 78,739
32. Taungdwingyi 70,094
33. Syriam 69,448
34. Bogale 68,938
35. Pyapon 65,601
36. Yamethin 59,867
37. Kanbe 58,146
38. Myaydo 57,897
39. Minbu 57,342
40. Tharyarwady 54,386
41. Thongwa 52,496
42. Kyaiklat 52,425
43. Maubin 51,542
44. Kyaukse 50,480
45. Kyaikto 48,658
46. Martaban 48,629
47. Kyaikkami 48,100
48. Bhamo 47,920
49. Twante 46,516
50. Mawlaik 44,540
51. Wakema 42,705
52. Myanaung 42,252
53. Pyu 40,386
54. Kayan 40,322
55. Nyaungdon 40,092
56. Mawlamyinegyunn 39,115
57. Thanatpin 39,000
58. Letpandan 38,936
59. Thanatpin 38,059
60. Paungde 36,971
61. Loikaw 17,293
62. Falam 5,404

View All Myanmar Cities...

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