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Peru Cities by Population


298 cities shown of 298 total Peru cities that are over 1,000 in population...

1. Lima 7,737,002
2. Arequipa 841,130
3. Callao 813,264
4. Trujillo 747,450
5. Chiclayo 577,375
6. Iquitos 437,620
7. Huancayo 376,657
8. Piura 325,466
9. Chimbote 316,966
10. Cusco 312,140
11. Pucallpa 310,750
12. Tacna 280,098
13. Ica 246,844
14. Juliaca 245,675
15. Sullana 160,789
16. Chincha Alta 153,076
17. Huanuco 147,959
18. Ayacucho 140,033
19. Cajamarca 135,000
20. Puno 116,552
21. Tumbes 109,223
22. Talara 99,074
23. Chosica 88,606
24. Huaraz 86,934
25. Cerro de Pasco 78,910
26. Chulucanas 68,835
27. San Isidro 68,309
28. Huaral 62,174
29. Pisco 61,869
30. Catacaos 57,304
31. Paita 56,151
32. Abancay 55,111
33. Huacho 54,545
34. Moquegua 54,517
35. Ilo 53,476
36. Tingo Maria 53,177
37. Jaen 52,493
38. Tarma 51,350
39. Barranca 46,290
40. Moyobamba 44,276
41. Lambayeque 43,710
42. Picsi 43,610
43. Chepen 41,992
44. Yurimaguas 41,827
45. Huancavelica 41,576
46. Zana 39,200
47. Tambopata 38,966
48. Juanjui 37,715
49. Puerto Maldonado 37,543
50. La Union 34,834
51. Ferrenafe 34,357
52. Sicuani 33,575
53. La Oroya 33,345
54. Chocope 32,370
55. Nuevo Imperial 32,344
56. Imperial 32,344
57. Tambo Grande 30,033
58. La Rinconada 29,678
59. Pacasmayo 29,165
60. Tocache Nuevo 29,029
61. Mollendo 28,953
62. Chaupimarca 28,666
63. Paramonga 27,631
64. La Peca 27,045
65. Chancay 26,958
66. Hualmay 26,658
67. Monsefu 25,707
68. Marcavelica 25,645
69. San Vicente de Canete 25,517
70. Querecotillo 25,396
71. Guadalupe 25,376
72. Santa Ana 25,145
73. Rioja 25,057
74. Laredo 24,691
75. Nazca 23,556
76. Yanacancha 23,175
77. Sechura 23,020
78. Moche 22,581
79. Santiago de Cao 21,982
80. Huamachuco 21,768
81. Paijan 21,128
82. Jauja 21,057
83. Viru 20,774
84. Huaura 20,723
85. Bagua Grande 20,382
86. Chachapoyas 20,279
87. Ayaviri 19,310
88. Huanta 18,627
89. Uchiza 17,742
90. La Breita 17,693
91. Andahuaylas 17,444
92. Mala 17,260
93. Zarumilla 16,907
94. Camana 16,434
95. San Pedro de Lloc 16,250
96. Huarmey 16,172
97. Yunguyo 16,140
98. Chongoyape 16,061
99. Ilave 16,033
100. San Clemente 15,815
101. Pimentel 15,552
102. Satipo 15,532
103. Minas de Marcona 15,478
104. Junin 15,320
105. Bellavista 15,231
106. Coishco 15,083
107. Chicama 14,915
108. Saposoa 14,894
109. Santa Maria 14,853
110. Tabalosos 14,744
111. San Ramon 14,708
112. Celendin 14,660
113. Chota 14,240
114. Salinera Colan 14,210
115. Puerto Santa 14,066
116. Ascope 14,015
117. Contamana 13,885
118. Supe 13,719
119. Lamas 13,693
120. Eten 13,693
121. Motupe 13,681
122. Pativilca 13,583
123. Cajabamba 13,486
124. Bambamarca 13,351
125. Azangaro 13,290
126. Vice 12,915
127. Chilca 12,884
128. Atuncolla 12,654
129. Pueblo Nuevo 12,471
130. Morropon 12,307
131. Zorritos 12,261
132. Puerto Supe 11,450
133. Concepcion 11,330
134. Villa Tupac Amaru 11,159
135. Caras 10,926
136. Soritor 10,858
137. Santa Rosa 10,625
138. Puquio 10,491
139. Santiago 10,449
140. Otuzco 10,134
141. Salaverry 10,066
142. Chupaca 9,877
143. Reque 9,808
144. Olmos 9,800
145. Ilabaya 9,492
146. San Jose de Sisa 9,477
147. Las Lomas 9,450
148. El Alto 9,303
149. Quiruvilca 9,226
150. Lagunas 9,197
151. Calca 9,179
152. Carhuamayo 9,122
153. Aguas Verdes 9,106
154. Mancora 9,101
155. Subtanjalla 9,096
156. Yauya 9,092
157. Campoverde 8,945
158. San Luis 8,862
159. Cocachacra 8,799
160. San Jeronimo 8,772
161. Pacanga 8,750
162. Huancabamba 8,553
163. La Huaca 8,468
164. Pilcomay 8,169
165. Putina 8,118
166. Chazuta 8,029
167. Buenos Aires 7,932
168. San Ignacio 7,912
169. Morococha 7,890
170. Los Aquijes 7,848
171. Hacienda Huancane 7,831
172. Oxapampa 7,743
173. Pacocha 7,588
174. Urubamba 7,540
175. Mochumi 7,460
176. Villa Rica 7,448
177. San Jose 7,434
178. Coracora 7,420
179. Talavera 7,381
180. Juli 7,309
181. Cajaruro 7,281
182. Jepelacio 7,150
183. Torata 7,054
184. Tucume 7,043
185. San Juan Bautista 6,871
186. Ambo 6,865
187. Perene 6,844
188. Sicaya 6,842
189. Mazamari 6,826
190. Acolla 6,805
191. Santiago de Chuco 6,759
192. Huicungo 6,757
193. Picota 6,697
194. Morrope 6,662
195. Pangoa 6,638
196. Quilmana 6,442
197. Santa Eulalia 6,406
198. Punta de Bombon 6,336
199. Oyotun 6,330
200. Bellavista 6,320
201. San Miguel 6,303
202. Oyon 6,276
203. Vegueta 6,219
204. Sayan 6,196
205. Jayanca 6,126
206. Macusani 6,044
207. San Agustin 5,998
208. Lluta 5,998
209. Yanahuanca 5,992
210. Bernal 5,916
211. Palpa 5,883
212. Anta 5,859
213. Huayucachi 5,827
214. Nicolas de Pierola 5,800
215. Barranca 5,779
216. Pueblo Nuevo 5,766
217. San Pedro de Cajas 5,758
218. San Bartolo 5,733
219. Yura 5,686
220. Orcopampa 5,643
221. San Jeronimo 5,609
222. Pampas 5,521
223. Caleta de Carquin 5,514
224. Ramon Castilla 5,495
225. Papayal 5,484
226. Urcos 5,479
227. Salitral 5,385
228. Desaguadero 5,329
229. San Miguel de Cauri 5,326
230. Ayabaca 5,270
231. Yungay 5,269
232. Huasahuasi 5,146
233. Tinyahuarco 5,066
234. Carhuaz 5,044
235. Tambo 5,032
236. Ricardo Palma 4,842
237. La Union 4,788
238. Lampa 4,780
239. Llongasora 4,753
240. Rio Grande 4,689
241. Huarancante 4,638
242. Ayna 4,588
243. Llata 4,585
244. Chivay 4,543
245. Matucana 4,517
246. Pomabamba 4,453
247. Mosoc Cancha 4,450
248. Acari 4,445
249. Huarichancara 4,445
250. Vizcachane 4,407
251. Iberia 4,386
252. Saquena 4,362
253. Jatun Orcochiri 4,358
254. Pucara 4,335
255. Santa Lucia 4,320
256. Cascas 4,299
257. Huayna Alcalde 4,298
258. Nunoa 4,271
259. Jayune 4,256
260. Chuquitira 4,220
261. Orcotuna 4,199
262. Santo Tomas 4,134
263. Pujocucho 4,120
264. Ccaquiracunca 4,098
265. Callanca 4,046
266. Oropesa 4,022
267. Independencia 3,987
268. Layo 3,978
269. Conchopata 3,977
270. Langui 3,969
271. Cahuanuyo 3,935
272. Yanaoca 3,913
273. Chignayhua 3,912
274. Ccolo 3,857
275. Pampamarca 3,811
276. Checca 3,810
277. Mosoc Llacta 3,802
278. Tungasuca 3,791
279. Marangani 3,709
280. Cullcuyre 3,593
281. Jayobamba 3,593
282. Lima Pampa 3,569
283. Ccuntuma 3,511
284. Queromarca 3,496
285. San Pablo 3,486
286. Qquea 3,482
287. Combapata 3,472
288. Tinta 3,466
289. Checacupe 3,440
290. Candarave 3,415
291. Quilahuani 3,176
292. Tarata 3,052
293. Taquile 2,000
294. Pisac 2,000
295. Ollantaytambo 2,000
296. Totoral 1,976
297. Chipispaya 1,932
298. Paracas 1,196





Peru History

The Peruvian population, estimated at 28 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Europeans, Africans and Asians. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other native languages. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.

The word Peru is derived from Bir, the name of a local ruler who lived near the Bay of San Miguel, Panama, in the early 16th century. When his possessions were visited by Spanish explorers in 1522, they were the southernmost part of the New World yet known to Europeans. Thus, when Francisco Pizarro explored the regions farther south, they came to be designated Bir or Peru. The Spanish Crown gave the name legal status with the 1529 Capitulacin de Toledo, which designated the newly encountered Inca Empire as the province of Peru. Under Spanish rule, the country adopted the denomination Viceroyalty of Peru, which became Republic of Peru after independence.

The earliest evidence of human presence in Peruvian territory has been dated to approximately 11,000 years BCE. The oldest known complex society in Peru, the Norte Chico civilization, flourished along the coast of the Pacific Ocean between 3000 and 1800 BCE. These early developments were followed by archaeological cultures such as Chavin, Paracas, Mochica, Nazca, Wari, and Chimu. In the 15th century, the Incas emerged as a powerful state which, in the span of a century, formed the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. Andean societies were based on agriculture, using techniques such as irrigation and terracing; camelid husbandry and fishing were also important. Organization relied on reciprocity and redistribution because these societies had no notion of market or money.

In 1532, a group of conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro defeated Inca Emperor Atahualpa and imposed Spanish rule. Ten years later, the Spanish Crown established the Viceroyalty of Peru, which included most of its South American colonies. Viceroy Francisco de Toledo reorganized the country in the 1570s with silver mining as its main economic activity and Indian forced labor as its primary workforce. Peruvian bullion provided revenue for the Spanish Crown and fueled a complex trade network that extended as far as Europe and the Philippines. However, by the 18th century, declining silver production and economic diversification greatly diminished royal income. In response, the Crown enacted the Bourbon Reforms, a series of edicts that increased taxes and partitioned the Viceroyalty of Peru. The new laws provoked Tpac Amaru II's rebellion and other revolts, all of which were defeated.







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