South Sudan Country Information
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Pound (SDG)Primary Languages Spoken:
enDomain Name TLD: Phone Prefix: Country Code (FIPS):
CD,CF,ET,KE,SD,UG,(Chad Republic of the Congo Ethiopia Kenya Uganda Aland Islands
South Sudan Map
Egypt attempted to colonize the region of southern Sudan by establishing the province of Equatoria in the 1870s. Islamic Mahdist revolutionaries overran the region in 1885, but in 1898 a British force was able to overthrow the Mahdist regime. An Anglo-Egyptian Sudan was established the following year with Equatoria being the southernmost of its eight provinces. The isolated region was largely left to itself over the following decades, but Christian missionaries converted much of the population and facilitated the spread of English. When Sudan gained its independence in 1956, it was with the understanding that the southerners would be able to participate fully in the political system. When the Arab Khartoum government reneged on its promises, a mutiny began that led to two prolonged periods of conflict (1955-1972 and 1983-2005) in which perhaps 2.5 million people died - mostly civilians - due to starvation and drought. Ongoing peace talks finally resulted in a Comprehensive Peace Agreement, signed in January 2005. As part of this agreement the south was granted a six-year period of autonomy to be followed by a referendum on final status. The result of this referendum, held in January 2011, was a vote of 98% in favor of secession. Independence was attained on 9 July 2011.
Sahel region of northeastern Africa; south of Sudan, north of Uganda and Kenya, west of EthiopiaGeographical Coordinates:
8 00 N, 30 00 EClimate:
hot with seasonal rainfall influenced by the annual shift of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone; rainfall is heaviest in the upland areas of the south and diminishes to the northTerrain:
the terrain gradually rises from plains in the north and center to southern highlands along the border with Uganda and Kenya; the White Nile, flowing north out of the uplands of Central Africa, is the major geographic feature of the country supporting agriculture and extensive wild animal populations; The Sudd (a name derived from floating vegetation that hinders navigation) is a large swampy area of more than 100,000 sq km fed by the waters of the White Nile that dominates the center of the countryNatural Resources:
hydropower, fertile agricultural land, gold, diamonds, petroleum, hardwoods, limestone, iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silverArea Comparisons:
slightly smaller than TexasCoastline:
0 km (landlocked)Growth Rate:
AfricaSouth Sudan Facts
Southern Sudan is located in Africa with Juba as its capital city. Under the terms of the deal with Republic of Sudan, the south has been given a large degree of autonomy and the chance to vote for full independence in 2011 after six years of home rule. The conflict between Sudan's Muslim north and mainly Christian south was, until it officially ended in January 2005, Africa's longest running civil war.
Southern Sudan borders Ethiopia to the east, Kenya, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, and the Central African Republic to the west. To the north lies the predominantly Arab and Muslim region directly under the control of the central government, with its capital at Khartoum. It includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd formed by the White Nile, locally called the Bahr el Jebel.
Southern Sudan, has nearly all of its administrative offices in Juba, the capital, and the city with the largest population.
List of States / Privinces / Districts in South Sudan
South Sudan's Largest Cities
(South Sudan's Most Populated Cities)Top 17 South Sudan cities shown of 17 total South Sudan cities that are over 1,000 in population...
|1. Juba 300,000|
2. Malakal 160,765
3. Wau 127,384
4. Yei 40,382
5. Yambio 40,382
6. Awel 38,745
|7. Gogrial 38,572|
8. Rumbek 32,083
9. Bor 26,782
10. Torit 20,048
11. Tonj 17,338
12. Maridi 14,224
|13. Ler 10,486|
14. Tambura 9,483
15. Bentiu 7,653
16. Kapoeta 7,042
17. Raga 3,700
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