Suriname Cities

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Suriname Cities by Population

12 cities shown of 12 total Suriname cities that are over 1,000 in population...

1. Paramaribo 223,757
2. Lelydorp 18,223
3. Nieuw Nickerie 13,143
4. Moengo 7,074
5. Nieuw Amsterdam 4,935
6. Marienburg 4,427
7. Wageningen 4,145
8. Albina 3,985
9. Groningen 3,216
10. Brownsweg 2,696
11. Onverwacht 2,105
12. Totness 1,685

Suriname History

Beginning in the 16th century, the area was discovered by Dutch, French, Spanish and English explorers. A century later, plantation colonies were established by the Dutch and English along the many rivers in the fertile Guyana plains. The earliest documented colony in Guiana was along the Suriname River and called Marshall's Creek. The area was named after an Englishman. Disputes arose between the Dutch and the English. In 1667, the Dutch decided to keep the nascent plantation colony of Suriname conquered from the English, resulting from the Treaty of Breda. The English were left with New Amsterdam, a small trading post in North America, which is now known as New York City.

The Dutch planters relied heavily on African slaves to cultivate the coffee, cocoa, sugar cane and cotton plantations along the rivers. Treatment of the slaves by their owners was notoriously bad, and many slaves escaped the plantations. With the help of the native South Americans living in the adjoining rain forests, these runaway slaves established a new and unique culture that was highly successful in its own right. Known collectively in English as the Maroons, and in Dutch as Bosnegers,"

they actually established several independent tribes

among them the Saramaka

the Paramaka

the Ndyuka or Aukan

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