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Tajikistan Cities by Population


63 cities shown of 63 total Tajikistan cities that are over 1,000 in population...

1. Dushanbe 543,107
2. Khujand 144,865
3. Kulob 78,786
4. Qurghonteppa 65,000
5. Istaravshan 52,851
6. Konibodom 50,359
7. Kofarnihon 42,904
8. Tursunzoda 37,995
9. Isfara 37,738
10. Panjakent 35,085
11. Khorugh 30,000
12. Ishkashim 26,000
13. Hisor 23,978
14. Boshkengash 23,696
15. Danghara 22,824
16. Vose' 21,736
17. Farkhor 21,736
18. Chkalovsk 21,537
19. Chubek 19,563
20. Kolkhozobod 18,476
21. Norak 18,122
22. Yovan 17,471
23. Proletarsk 16,441
24. Vakhsh 15,215
25. Nov 13,833
26. Adrasmon 13,372
27. Buston 13,043
28. Shahrtuz 13,042
29. Muminobod 11,955
30. Asht 11,705
31. Taboshar 11,578
32. Murghob 10,815
33. Gharm 10,771
34. Obigarm 10,035
35. Kuybishevsk 9,943
36. Khodzha-Maston 9,781
37. Dusty 8,700
38. Sovety 8,695
39. Garavuti 8,474
40. Pakhtakoron 8,220
41. Panj 8,019
42. Roghun 7,731
43. Kirovskiy 7,696
44. Orzu 5,988
45. Jilikul 5,434
46. Shakhrinav 5,385
47. Novobod 5,352
48. Kaindisoy 5,042
49. Oltintopkan 4,823
50. Nefteobod 4,603
51. Chorbog 4,237
52. Bustonqal'a 4,068
53. Shurob 3,984
54. Vorukh 3,836
55. Palas 3,288
56. Quruqsoy 3,288
57. Karakenja 2,899
58. Tagob 2,565
59. Kim 2,411
60. Tartki 2,342
61. Varzob 2,154
62. Ayny 2,128
63. Komsomolobod 1,115





Tajikistan History

Tajikistan means the Land of the Tajiks"" in Persian. Some believe the name Tajik is a geographic reference to the crown of the Pamir Knot, but this is a folk etymology. The word Tajik was used to differentiate Iranians from Turks in Central Asia, starting as early as the 10th century. The addition of 'k' might have been for the purpose of euphony in the set phrase Turk-o Tajik which in Persian-language histories is found as an idiomatic expression meaning ""everyone."" According to some other sources, the name Tajik refers to a group of people who are believed to be one of the pure and close descendents of the ancient Aryans. Their country was called Aryana Vajeh and the name Taa-jyaan from which came the word Tajik is mentioned in The Avesta. Zoroaster's Gathas were also directed to an Aryan audience and there are several references to this community as being situated in the ""home"" of the Aryans."

Tajikistan frequently appeared as Tadjikistan or Tadzhikistan in English, transliterated from the Russian Tadzhikistan is the most common alternate spelling and is widely used in English literature derived from Russian sources. Tadjikistan is the spelling in French and can occasionally be found in English language texts. In the Perso-Arabic script, Tajikistan is written.

Controversy surrounds the correct term used to identify people from Tajikistan. The word Tajik has been the traditional term used to describe people from Tajikistan and appears widely in literature. But the ethnic politics of Central Asia have made the word Tajik a controversial word, as it implies that Tajikistan is only a nation for ethnic Tajiks and not ethnic Uzbeks, Russians, etc. Likewise, ethnic Tajiks live in other countries, such as China, Uzbekistan and Afghanistan, making the term ambiguous. In addition, elements among the Pamiri population in Tajikistan's Gorno-Badakhshan region have at times sought to create an ethnic identity separate from that of the Tajiks.

The territory of what is now Tajikistan has been inhabited continuously since 4000 BCE. It has been under the rule of various empires throughout history, for the longest period being part of the Persian Empire.







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